Captain Richard Henry Pratt, 10th Cavalry
Founder of the Carlisle School for Indian Students
"In 1875, Captain Richard Pratt escorted 72 Indian warriors suspected of murdering white settlers to Fort Marion in St. Augustine, Florida. Once there, Pratt began an ambitious experiment which involved teaching the Indians to read and write English, putting them in uniforms and drilling them like soldiers. "Kill the Indian and save the man," was Pratt's motto."
News of Pratt's experiment spread. With the blessing of Congress, Pratt expanded his program by establishing the Carlisle School for Indian Students to continue his "civilizing" mission. Although liberal policy for the times, Pratt's school was a form of cultural genocide. The schools continued into the '30s until administrators saw that the promised opportunities for Indian students would not materialize, theat they would not become "imitation whtie men." Native Americans who attended the schools help tell the story of a humanist experiment gone bad, and its consequences for a generation of Indians." Source: CSUS Cultural Diversity Center.
Pre-Carlisle School for Indian
Santee Normal Training School-1870
of Native American students at the Hampton Institute giving all personal and tribal information. (1878-1892)
In the White Man's Image
Richard H. Pratts' Carlisle Indian Industrial School History
Kiowas, Cheyennes, and Arapahoes Collections of Drawings & Art Works:
Includes James Mooney's "Silver Horn Kiowa Pictorial Calendar"
Early Band, Carlisle School for
Indian Students. Courtesy of
Pratt's Pupils in front of Pratt's
Quarters', Carlisle School for
Indian Students. Courtesy of Carlisle-www.army.mil.
Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential
Center Selected Manuscripts From the
|Plains Indian Drawings by Carlisle Indain Prisoners-
|Chemawa Indian School 1885
BIAs' List of Indian schools from 1871-1985
|Fort Lewis Indian Boarding School 1891
Cathay Williams Female Buffalo Soldier-With Documents
|Indian War Medal of Honor Recipients
||Ninth United States Cavalry
Sgt. Henry Parker, Ex-slave, Civil War & Buffalo Soldiers
Indian War African -
American & Indian Scouts Medal of Honor Recipients
|Tenth United States Cavalry|
|Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts||
Medal of Honor Recipients
Colonel Charles Young,
West Point Graduate
The Buffalo Soldiers at Fort Huachuca: Parts 1 & 2
National Trust for Historic Preservation: Native Americans and Archaeologists
A Buffalo Soldier Remembered
|Ninth & Tenth (Horse) Cavalry Association
|USS Buffalo Soldier AK-9301||
The War for the Plains
The Conquest of the West
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